Maxalt (rizatriptan) is indicated for the acute treatment of migraine attacks with or without aura in adults. Aura is visual disturbances, usually sensations of halos or flickering lights, which precede an attack. Maxalt should be used only for typical migraine headaches. Maxalt is not intended for the prophylactic therapy of migraine or for use in the management of hemiplegic or basilar migraine.
Rizatriptan belongs to a group of drugs called triptans. It affects a certain natural chemical (serotonin) that constricts blood vessels in the brain. It may also block other pain pathways in the brain.
Maxalt helps to relieve headaches, pain and other symptoms of migraines, including sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, and vomiting. Prompt treatment allows you to get back to your normal routine and may decrease your need for other pain medications. However, it will not prevent migraine headaches or reduce the number of headaches that you have.
Many people find that their migraines stop completely after they take Maxalt. Other people find that their migraines are much less painful, and that they are able to go back to their normal activities even though their migraines are not completely gone.
Directions for use:
Take Maxalt only as needed when a migraine occurs. Take Maxalt as soon as your first symptoms appear. It may be taken with or without food, although faster relief may occur when it is taken on an empty stomach.
Your dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens. If you have never taken this medication before and you have risk factors for heart disease, you may be advised to take your first dose in your doctor's office in order to monitor for rare but serious heart problems (e.g., heart attack).
If your symptoms are only partly relieved, or if your headache comes back, you may take a second dose after 2 hours. Do not take more than 30 milligrams (3 doses) of Maxalt in a 24-hour period. If you also take propranolol, do not take more than 15 milligrams of rizatriptan in a 24-hour period.
Certain foods/beverages or food additives (e.g., red wine, cheese, chocolate, monosodium glutamate) as well as some lifestyle patterns (e.g., irregular eating/sleeping habits, stress) may bring about a migraine headache. Avoiding these "triggers" may help decrease the frequency of migraine headaches.
If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately.
Maxalt belongs to a group of head ache medications.
Maxalt Safety Info
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of rizatriptan. Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: certain blood circulation disorders, kidney or liver problems, if you have any risk factors for heart disease. You should use Maxalt with caution. If you are at high risk for heart disease, your doctor may want to check your heart before prescribing rizatriptan. Heart or blood vessel disease and high blood pressure sometimes do not cause any symptoms, so some people do not know that they have these problems. Before deciding whether you should use rizatriptan, your doctor may need to do some tests to make sure that you do not have any of these conditions.
Because some people with risk factors for heart and blood vessel disease have suffered an irregular heartbeat, a heart attack, or stroke after taking Maxalt, your doctor may ask you to take the first dose in the office, where you can be monitored for cardiac side effects.
Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems; in some conditions you should avoid Rizatriptan. Also tell him if you are allergic to it, or if you have any other allergies. If Maxalt gives you an allergic reaction, you won't be able to use it. Alert your doctor if you have an eye condition. There is a theoretical possibility that Maxalt could affect the eyes.
Before starting rizatriptan, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of other medicine for migraine or depression. Your healthcare professionals (e.g., doctor or pharmacist) may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for it.
Never take Maxalt within 24 hours of using an ergotamine-type migraine medication or any other "triptan" drug (a drug in the same family as Maxalt). You should also refrain from using Maxalt within 2 weeks of taking an MAO inhibitor. The combination could cause serious side effects.
Maxalt can cause drowsiness and dizziness; use caution engaging in activities requiring alertness such as driving or using machinery. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you also take drugs that cause drowsiness such as: certain antihistamines, anti-seizure drugs, medicine for sleep or anxiety, muscle relaxants, narcotic pain relievers, psychiatric medicines.
This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy or breast-feeding. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. Maxalt is not recommended for people under 18.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects. However, check with your doctor if any side effects persist, worsen or are bothersome.
This medication may rarely cause a very serious condition called serotonin syndrome. The risk increases when this medication is taken with certain other drugs such as other "triptans" used to treat migraine headaches, certain antidepressants including SSRIs and NSRIs, or a certain drug to treat obesity. Before taking this drug, tell your doctor if you take any of these medications. Serotonin syndrome may be more likely when you start or increase the dose of any of these medications.
Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose, seek medical attention immediately.
Maxalt Side Effects
- numbness/tingling/prickling sensations
- chest/jaw/neck tightness