Voltaren (diclofenac sodium)
Voltaren medicine is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to treat minor aches and pains associated with the common cold, headache, muscle aches, backache, and arthritis. Diclofenac sodium may also be used to reduce fever. This substance works by blocking the enzyme in your body that makes prostaglandins. Decreasing prostaglandins helps to reduce pain, swelling, and fever. Diclofenac sodium is a phenylacetic acid that has analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity. It is believed to act through the reversible inhibition of the cyclo-oxygenase enzymes COX-1 and COX-2 that are essential in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins.
Voltaren is currently the eighth largest-selling drug and the most frequently used NSAID in the world. Diclofenac, is a potent inhibitor of cyclooxygenase enzyme activity, and may also interact with the lipoxygenase enzyme pathway, and with the release and reuptake of arachidonic acid. Diclofenac is almost completely absorbed, highly protein-bound, penetrates well into synovial fluid, and is extensively metabolized.
Voltaren Diclofenac works by blocking the action of a substance in the body called cyclo-oxygenase. Cyclo-oxygenase is involved in the production of various chemicals in the body, some of which are known as prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are produced in response to injury or certain diseases and would otherwise go on to cause pain, swelling and inflammation. Diclofenac is therefore used to relieve pain and inflammation.
This medication is used to relieve pain, swelling (inflammation), and joint stiffness caused by arthritis. Reducing these symptoms helps you do more of your normal daily activities. Voltaren is indicated for relief of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis, for relief of the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and for acute or long-term use in the relief of the signs and symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis. Voltaren may also be used to treat other painful conditions like dental pain, muscle aches, pain after surgery or after having a baby.
Directions for use:
When you buy Voltaren online take this medication by mouth with a full glass of water. Do not lie down for at least 30 minutes after taking this drug. Swallow this medication whole. Do not crush, chew, or break the tablets. Doing so can destroy the special coating on the tablet and may increase side effects. If you experience stomach upset with this medication, you may take it with food, milk or an antacid. However, this may slow absorption and delay pain relief, especially if you are not taking this medication on a regular schedule.
Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. To minimize side effect risks, use this medication at the lowest effective dose for the shortest possible length of time. Do not increase your dose or take it more often than prescribed. In certain conditions (e.g., arthritis), it may take up to 2 weeks of regular use before the full benefits of this drug take effect.
If you are taking this drug on an "as needed" basis (not on a regular schedule), remember that pain medications work best if they are used as the first signs of pain occur. If you wait until the pain has significantly worsened, the medicine may not work as well.
Voltaren belongs to a group of pain relief medications.
Voltaren Safety Info
Use this drug cautiously if you have kidney problems, heart disease or high blood pressure.
This medicine may cause stomach bleeding. Daily use of alcohol and tobacco may increase your risk for stomach bleeding, especially when combined with this medicine. Limit alcohol and stop smoking.
This medication should be used only when clearly needed during the first 6 months of pregnancy. It is not recommended for use during the last 3 months of pregnancy due to possible harm to the unborn baby and interference with normal labor/delivery.
Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Symptoms of a Voltaren overdose may include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, drowsiness, black or bloody stools, coughing up blood, shallow breathing, fainting, or coma.
- Osteoarthritis: 100-150 mg a day, divided into smaller doses of 50 mg 2 or 3 times a day
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: 100-200 mg a day, divided into smaller doses of 50 mg 3 to 4 times a day
- Ankylosing Spondylitis: 100-125 mg a day, divided into smaller doses of 25 mg 4 times a day
- Pain and menstrual discomfort: 50 mg every 8 hours as needed
Voltaren Side Effects
- abdominal pain or cramps
- fluid retention
- ringing in the ears